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Disruptive Thinking During the Worldwide Recession

“It’s not the strongest that survives, nor the foremost intelligent; it’s those that adapt to vary ,” may be a quote famously attributed to biologist Darwin . While nobody actually knows who made these remarks, for little businesses and sole traders, the message is crystal clear. 
All businesses must adapt to survive a recession, because the world has changed. The economic pain may continue for an extended time. Recessions are often local events or international earthquakes, like the 1929 Wall Street Crash or the 2008 Financial Crisis. 
All recessions are tough on small businesses, with global downturns affecting many people worldwide. they're especially hard if you’ve invested time and capital in a thought , just for the economy to collapse. For you and therefore the staff you use , it can desire the planet has pulled the rug from underneath you.
In this article, we’ll show you ways heuristic can assist you overcome the recession and adapt to a fast-changing world.
What is a Recessio…

How To Start a Profitable Cucumber Farming Business in Nigeria

Cucumber farming business is one among the foremost lucrative agribusinesses to venture into in Nigeria. Farming of cucumbers was most prevalent within the Nothern region, but presently, the Southerners have started embarking thereon .

It is one among the untapped agribusinesses ideas in Nigeria, hence you won’t need to question the profitability. Cucumbers also very nutritious, being a really good protein, Vitamin C, Vitamin K, fibre, potassium and lots of others.

They may also help in weight loss and lowering of the blood glucose level.

Not forgetting to say the role cucumbers play in our skins. consistent with HealthlLne.com, cucumbers also help in combating premature ageing.

How Profitable Is Cucumber farming Business?
One vital thing every good farmer should put into consideration before embarking on a business idea is that the profitability of the venture. When talking about cucumbers, you’d observe the high rate of consumption and low competition among other farmers.

As the days pass , more and more individuals are realising the very many health benefits of the cucumbers, and therefore the demand for the green fruits are on the rise .

They’re not only useful in controlling weight, but also help the body cells in combating diseases. Intake of cucumbers also helps the skin in fighting the consequences of ageing, while supporting the gastrointestinal system .

These factors explain better on why the green fruits are in high demands among consumers. It also means entrepreneurs have tons to realize from investing within the cucumber business in Nigeria.

How To Start A Lucrative Cucumber Farming Business In Nigeria
Like the maize farming business, cucumbers don’t require any special farming skills. they're also a high-yielding, but low-maintenance plants. But like every plant, they require that you simply follow good farming practices for better produces.

Cucumber farming business in Nigeria

Below are some steps involved in starting a cucumber farming business in Nigeria:



Land preparation
Cucumbers do quite well on fertile and organically enriched soils. they have sufficient sunlight, water and therefore the best soil conditions for bountiful harvests.

One factor you ought to put into consideration when buying or leasing a farmland for cucumber farming is that the availability of water. Cucumbers are composed of 90% water, so you can’t only depend upon rainfall because the source of water. you ought to endeavour to source for alternative sources of irrigation.

If possible, site you’re farmland on the brink of a waterbed. If you’re unable to try to to that, you'll consider sinking borehole, constructing an irrigation dam or digging a water-well.

The next in line after choosing the farmland is to proceed with the land preparation activities like clearing, ridging and fertilizer application.

Land preparation
Land preparation starts with the removal of shrubs and stumps from the farmland. it's important to make sure that the selection farmland is prepared for planting. A well-prepared field controls weeds, recycles plant nutrients, and provides a soft soil mass for transplanting and an appropriate soil surface for direct seeding.

It typically involves the subsequent steps:


Ploughing to “till” or dig-up, mix, and overturn the soil
Harrowing to interrupt the soil clods into smaller mass and incorporate plant residue, and
Levelling the sector .


While weeding the farmland, make sure you don’t make use of herbicides as they contain chemicals which will affect the standard of the soil and crop yield.

Seed planting
Another important thing which will affect your productivity is that the sort of seeds you plant. There are numerous different sorts of cucumbers and your choice will determine your harvest.

Below are some important questions you would like to ask when buying cucumber seeds:


Is it an open or a closed seed?
Is it an area or a far off seed?
Are the seeds general or hybrid?


Seeds from America and Europe aren't suitable for the Nigerian climate. You can, however, import from Thailand, since they share almost similar climates with Nigeria.

Planting
Planting of the cucumber seeds are often done at any time of the year. As I earlier stated, the plants need adequate water system to thrive, so if you’d be doing the planting during the season , make sure you steel oneself against that. you'll plant on the beds to make sure the proper spacing between the plants.

In most cases, you'll plan to first plant the seeds during a nursery before transplanting to the farmland. However, thanks to the delicate nature of the cucumber root, I’d recommend you plant them on to the farmland since transplanting could cause some damages to the basis .

While planting, follow the below guidelines:

the seeds should be slightly pushed into the bed at about 1 to 2 cm from the soil surface
Spacing between the plants should be about 1 foot apart while the spacing between rows should be about 4 to six feet
3 seeds should be planted per hole; however, once the seeds germinate, you'll thin the plants to 2


Post planting
After planting the seeds, make sure you support the growing plant with stakes or pillars. As you recognize , cucumber plants are climbers naturally and need necessary support for optimal growth.

Mulching:
Mulching involves applying some material to the surface of the soil to serve a particular purpose.

mulching in cucumber farming

It serves different purposes, including:
It helps in retaining the soil moisture by preventing water evaporation especially during the season 
Mulching also helps keep the soil temperature cooler,
It is also useful in suppressing/reducing the expansion of weeds, and lastly
You can also perform mulching for an ornamental purpose


Irrigation:
Irrigation is that the process of applying controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals. It doesn’t only help in growing the cucumber plants, it also increases the effectiveness of herbicides utilized in weed control.

Irrigation of the cucumber crops is especially vital during fruit development. For increased yield, the plants should be watered daily ounces the seedlings begin to sprout.

Weeding and fertiliser application
Weeding of the cucumber are often done after 20-30 days of planting the seeds. Application of fertilisers should be administered every fortnight . Cucumbers need an adequate supply of nitrogen to grow optimally, therefore the application of inorganic fertilisers will help supply the specified amount of nitrogen.

Pest and disease control
Pests which will affect your crops include beetles, ladybird, grasshoppers and spider mites. The insects are often controlled with the utilization of insecticides. you'll spray the insecticides at regular intervals to regulate the pest.

Diseases which may affect the cucumbers include mildew, mosaic disease, plant disease and anthracnose. As how of preventing the disease, I’d recommend you plant seeds already treated with a fungicide. within the case of mildew and leaf spot diseases, apply the fungicides once you notice any sign of the disease.

Livestock like goats and cows that prey on leaves and fruits may additionally affect the cucumber, so you ought to map ways of preventing them from entering the farmland.

Harvesting
Cucumbers need an extended season and are ready for harvest in 50 to 70 days. Cucumbers should be harvested at the proper time before they begin having bitter tastes. The fruits ripen at different times on the vine, so it's essential to select them as they're ready.



Unlike other crops, cucumbers don’t ripen after being harvested. you'll identify the ripe cucumbers with their firm and greenish flesh.

harvesting cucumber

The exact size of the fruit depends on its variety and use. Pickling fruits are best at 6 inches (15 cm.). Slicing cucumbers maybe two to 6 inches (5-15 cm.) long and therefore the “burpless” varieties are best harvested at 1 to 1 ½ inch (2.5-3.8 cm.) in diameter.

When harvesting, you'll make use of garden shears or pruners. Cut the stem ¼ inch (6 mm.) above the fruit, leaving a brief stub attached. I always recommend removing the fruit with a pointy implement, as this may prevent injury to the vine by twisting or pulling.

Storage/marketing
While cucumbers are best eaten fresh, you'll store them within the crisper for up to 3 days. The fruits are often placed in loose plastic or perforated bags. While storing the fruits, avoid stacking them and also prevent them from smashing against the side of the crisper drawer.

Commercial farmers use wax coatings when storing the fruits to stop loss of moisture. The cucumbers should be stored at temperature , not within the refrigerator.

About the marketing, you ought to contact buyers of the fruits before they reach picking size. thanks to the character of the fruits, it's not recommended that you simply keep them for too long.

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